Now you’re talking..!

Gmail, now you are 10


Yesterday, on 1st of April 2014, as usual Google launched its April fools’ joke – Google Maps Pokémon Challenge. Last year it was Gmail Blue. Likewise Google had an array of April fools’ jokes since 1st of April 2004. All those jokes were successful campaigns as internet users kept on getting caught to them unintentionally.

10 years back, on April fools’ day – 01st of April 2014, Google launched 2 pranks and it was the inauguration of Google’s prank series. Out of those two initial pranks, one was a real joke (could become a reality considering the pace which the world is moving.), which was a proposed job on the moon. But the second one has become a reality and it has become the leading product in its category. The second prank was launched about a free e – mail service.

Gmail Interface April 2004

Gmail interface in April 2004

At the time Microsoft, Yahoo and AOL had similar services and would have been a real challenge to fight with them. But being the fact that Gmail being a product which has come to the party courtesy of Google’s tradition of allowing 20% free time for its employees to engage in anything they think as innovative, has taken Gmail to the top of the ladder in the e – mail services list.


Paul Buchheit – the creator of Gmail

Gmail was designed by the 23rd employee of Google – Paul Buchheit. Prior joining Google, he had worked at Intel. In 2007 he started a company of his own named FriendFeed. In 2009 Facebook acquired the company and he moved to Facebook. And later in 2009 he quit Facebook and became an angel investor and has invested nearly 40 startups. He won The Economist’s Innovation Award 2011 for the Computing and Telecommunications.

It is believed that Paul had started the development work 3 years prior to its launch and tested the service internally. Once the pre – testing had become a success they had decided to put it as a prank on April Fools’ Day and launched the service. As per the available information it is believed that Gmail has a user base of 425 million. On top of that, Gmail is said to having 50 million business users. According to toptenreviews (, Gmail is currently the world’s best free e – mail service. In the list Microsoft Outlook, Yahoo and GMK are number 2, 3 and 4 respectively.

On the day which Gmail is celebrating its 10th birthday, the first double digit birthday, Gmail and its creators can be very proud about themselves, because Gmail has definitely delighted its users (customers) and exceeded the customer expectations, with continuous innovation and improvements.

 Thank you and happy 10th anniversary “Gmail”.

Click here : Read the inside story Gmail’s launch – An article published in TIME magazine

Facebook to Start the Project of Connecting the Unconnected


As per the records it is believed that two third (2/3) of the world population is not connected to the internet. Only 1 out of 3 human beings have the luxury of connecting to the internet at the moment. This stat tells another story. That is the stakeholders in the telecommunications industry do have a huge growth potential due to this un-connectivity.

Facebook is one of world’s largest web giants and the premier social networking site. To grow their business further it is vital that the un-connected 2/3 gets connected. In fact it is vital to every stakeholder in telecommunications industry. So, facebook is thinking a way which they could provide internet connectivity and capable devices, to un-connected world population. Google also started a similar project – “Project Loon”. But over last few months there weren’t any notable news on Google’s project.

It is said that Mark Zuckerberg is putting up a lab where a set of Facebook engineers would develop flying drones, satellites, and infrared lasers which are capable of beaming internet connections to people down on earth. The lab will be named as “Facebook Connectivity Lab”. They are expected to receiving the help of NASA Jet Propulsion Lab, NASA Ames Research Center, and the National Optical Astronomy Observatory.


Click Here – Watch Mark Zuckerberg’s Message on Connecting the Unconnected

This project is backed by a very strong alliance between 7 tech giants namely – Qualcomm, Samsung, Nokia, Ericsson, Mediatek, Opera Software and Facebook. The alliance is called They are searching answers for 3 problems which are preventing un-connected people getting connected to the internet. Identified problem areas are affordability, efficiency and business models.

Since flying drones are not a strong point of Facebook they bought a UK based aerospace company Ascenta for US$20 million. Their engineers will take care of the flying drone part of the project, which would provide aerial internet using infrared signals.

Yahoo to Launch a YouTube like Service


There is no doubt that Marissa Mayor has turned it on for Yahoo. Since she took over duties as the CEO of Yahoo, tech giant’s fortunes started to change in big time. Before Marissa’s took over Yahoo was hopeless and lacked catchy services and was nowhere near Google. She was hired from Google – where she spent his entire career, since 1999, in July 2012. She did major changes and took critical strategic decisions to change the fate of Yahoo.

Marissa Mayer_0

Marissa Mayer spent 13 years of her career in Google. She was Google’s first female engineer.

An interesting article on the changes Marissa did has been published in “Business Insider” website and you could read the article by clicking below link.

She showed results within 1 year. For the first time since May 2011, Yahoo became the number 1 website in USA, in July 2013 surpassing Google. One of the simple and catchy changes she did was replacing the Blackberrys Yahoo employees were using, by Smartphones. Every Yahoo employee had the opportunity to be an owner of either of the 5 phone models – iPhone 5, Samsung Galaxy S3, HTC One X, HTC EVO 4G LTE, or Nokia Lumia 920. The whole idea of this was to make sure that employees get the chance to experience their own mobile apps. Isn’t it a simple and a catchy strategy? For me, it is.


Marissa became the CEO of Yahoo in July 2012. Within 1 year she was able to change the fortune of the company.

Under Marissa’s leadership it seems like Yahoo is going to make another breakthrough change in their business. News comes out from various sources about a YouTube like Yahoo service. The opportunity Yahoo is after is the complaints piling up from video producers and networks regarding YouTube’s revenue scheme. Yahoo is planning offer guaranteed ad rates for videos of video producers. Also, in the initial phase Yahoo will not allow every user to upload videos. They would look to open the platform to quality video producers up front, and with time they are planning to open the platform further.

Last year Yahoo failed to convince Dailymotion management to sell the company to them for US$300 million. Dailymotion is a video service platform similar to YouTube, but not as big as YouTube. But it is quite clear that they were planning to start their own video service from last year onwards.

Someone would get the doubt on the possibility of this service surpass and challenge YouTube, because of the 1 billion hits per month YouTube gets. How long will it take Yahoo to be a notable rival to YouTube? When looking at the performance of Marissa Mayer over last 2 years and the amount of effort she is putting on to make Yahoo a real market leader, it is quite evident that YouTube might have to watch the moves of Yahoo video service very closely. If Marissa had the potential to make Yahoo popular than Google inside USA within 1 year, there is no reason why she could not do it to YouTube.

Another thing Marissa could do is to get in to partnerships with popular mobile service providers. That would allow Yahoo to make the service more popular and provide a smooth service. Since Telcos are looking for meaningful partnerships with OTT players, Yahoo has the potential to become a mutually benefitted partner for Telcos.

Reference : “Report: Yahoo Considering to Create Its Own Version of YouTube” by ALEX CO,

TIZEN to Rival Android and iOS


2013 has been a very successful and a special year for smart phone market. For the first time in smart phone history, worldwide shipments surpassed the 1 billion mark for the first time. When looking at the reports released by IDC (International Data Corporation), it can be seen that Android and iOS has contributed 95.7% of these shipments. Android has had a market share of 78.1% of the smart phones, while iOS has had 17.6% of the market chare at the end of the year 2013.

When looking at the year by year pattern, it is quite evident that trend is an upward and with more and more innovations and R&D, the trend would definitely be a positive one for smart phones.

This might be the reason why a global collaboration of tech firms have started developing a new smart phone OS to rival Android and iOS. The new OS has been given the name ‘TIZEN’. Japanese mobile operator NTT Docomo has announced that new OS will be launched in the next few months. Rumors say that the OS will be available in some mobile phones which are expected be released after end of March 2014. It was reported that Samsung has had a dedicated booth for TIZEN OS powered Samsung devices at the Mobile World Congress 2014, Barcelona, Spain.

TIZEN Report

TIZEN Version of Brand New Samsung Galaxy S5 Was Seen At the World Mobile Congress 2014, Barcelona, Spain

Though TIZEN has the backing of a strong collaboration of tech firms – Intel, Fujitsu, Samsung, LG, HUAWEI, Vodafone and Orange, will it be possible to challenge Android’s dominance and iOS’s quality? Only time will tell.

One would argue, TIZEN being an open source platform and can be developed freely by anyone around the world, there is a huge chance that it would bring up more innovations than Android and iOS. And on the other hand, Chinese government has already banned a few Google products. That has brought down the relevance of Android vastly in world’s biggest smart phone market. Hence, TIZEN has a huge opportunity in China. Another plus point for TIZEN would be the expected planned mobile network charing between NTT Docomo, China Mobile and KT, with the idea of internationalize their businesses and stimulate the Asian market. All 3 countries in this collaboration support TIZEN and there is every chance that these 3 huge operators would use TIZEN as a business promotional media.


Tizen Association is steered by a Board of Directors including representation from up to 10 companies.

The promotion strategy used by TIZEN Association would be very critical, since Blackberry and Windows Mobile OS, which were the number 3 and 4 in the IDC list, are also very strong and viable Oss with the backing of strong R&D teams and tech giants. But there is something wrong with these two Oss, because they did not make the expected revolution.

Only time would tell the fate of TIZEN. Looking at the trends, it is hard to believe Android or iOS would lose their market shares as TIZEN would like.

For further information about TIZEN, please visit,

Reference : Telecom Review Asia Pacific

Growth Potential of the Mobile Telecommunications Industry


Telecommunications Industry can be mentioned as one of the most dynamic industries in the world. The reason for stating as such is, because enormous amount of innovation and R&D is taking place in the industry. As a result brand new products and concepts are coming out at a pace which is unimaginable. 6 years earlier, telecom industry was all about telecom operators. They were dominating the scene. But the introduction of smart devices turned the dominance upside down. Mobile operators are no more the dominant party in telecom industry.

With the developments happened over the years, business and consumer demand for new services keep on growing. Meanwhile, the competition to satisfy all these demands is increasing, much of it from companies outside the traditional telecom ecosystem. That is, telecom operators alone will not be able to cater the never ending needs of future telecom subscribers.

What does this mean? If you look at the positive side of it, even though telecom operators alone cannot cater the increasing requirements, as an industry there is a huge potential for growth.  The telecom ecosystem itself is becoming much more competitive, as new entrants from adjacent industries look to exploit this openness, cater ever increasing customer expectations, and thus challenge the telecom operators’ traditional operating behaviour.


When looking at the growth potential, as at the end of year 2013 there were 3.4 billion mobile subscribers. This number is more than half of the world population. And it is expected to reach, 4 billion by mid 2018. GSMA has presented a report which has given an insight about past and future trends in mobile telecommunications industry.

According to the report total sim – enabled connections will grow from 6.8 billion in 2013 to 9.7 billion by 2017. In 2012 there were 1.6 billion mobile broadband connections. As per the predictions the number will grow up to 5.1 billion. These numbers (predictions) are more than enough to prove the growth potential of the industry, because these are only stats related to mobile telecommunications industry. What about fixed telecommunications industry? Some would argue, with the increasing number of hand held devices it might not be a good choice from an operators’ point of view.

LTE is technology which has able to capture a lot of attention of the industry in recent times. According to the predictions LTE/4G networks will account for 1 in 5 Mobile Broadband subscriptions by 2017, where as the number had been 1 in 25 in 2012. Another very critical stat is about the growth of mobile data volume predictions at the start of the year 2017. In 2012 mobile data volume per month had been 0.9 Exabytes (Considering 220 countries in the world). This number is expected to rise up to 11.2 Exabytes per month.

As you can see, numbers look very exciting. More importantly, according to the stats it is clear that growth potential of the telecommunications industry is very high. But the difference from 5 years earlier will be, there will be many parties who would engage in the industry. Companies in adjacent industries such as software and the Internet, and the computing and electronics industries that are now elbowing their way into the realm of telecommunica­tions, will be a definite threat to traditional telecom operators.

You can go to download the complete report “GSMA Mobile Economy 2013″ report. You could get a clear idea on what exactly will happen to mobile telecom industry in coming years. (You can find predictions up to year 2017)

Reference :

Google Teams Up With Audi for Another Android Revolution


Until present day Apple dominated the automobile automation with iOS in the Car (iOSitC), the standard introduced by Apple to enable working with manufacturers’ built-in in-car systems. This system aims for several functions such as Siri, Satellite navigation, telephony instruction and controls, music controls and iMessage controls. Apple is already in partnership with a number of leading automobile manufacturers including BMW, Honda, Mercedes, Nissan, Ferrari, Hyundai, Kia, and Infiniti.

Now Google is stepping up their competition with Apple iOS by teaming up with Audi to develop in-car entertainment and information systems based on the Android operating system. This partnership will allow in-car integration of music and navigation apps currently available on smartphones. Other companies, such as graphics and application processor maker nVidia, are also expected to join the initiative to develop Android-based “infotainment” systems.

The difference of the strategy of Apple and Google is in the method of implementation.Apple’s initiative is designed with the iPhone as the base of the system — that is, many system functions would not be available until an iPhone was connected, either via a wired tether or wirelessly through Bluetooth or Wi-Fi. Google in contrast, wants to run the software off of dedicated hardware inside the car.

The strategy of Google has both positives and negatives. On one hand, the system is more likely to function seamlessly with important in-car systems like navigation or suspension settings. But, on the adverse side, users won’t have all the information in the same place as they will have with the Apple set up.

While the partnership is expected to step up Google’s competition with Apple, it will be strengthening Audi’s brand name on many levels. Having a trusted brand name attached to new cars can be a big attraction to consumers. For instance, Ford experienced a significant rise in its sales in 2007 after the introduction of Microsoft Sync infotainment system to its vehicles. In addition the synergies in terms of financial strength and technical know-how of the two partners would make the venture more probable to be successful against already established Apple solutions.

Google and Apple are not the only prestigious players in the connected automobile space – Their latest competitor (ironically), Finnish firm Nokia is also an eminent challenger, with their Here Auto initiative that was announced in August 2013. It has been a pattern of any of the three players finding a breakthrough idea and the other two are following the path. But at the end competition leads to a product which world is going to benefit in big time. That has been the pattern during last 6 years. Mainly Android and Apple came up with more innovative products than Nokia.

According to reports, Nokia is hoping to build upon their mapping and navigation experience to build car-integrated infotainment systems, with the goal of eventually up scaling Here Auto to autonomous driving as part of future “smart city” networks.

By Darshika Fernando (Undergraduate, Faculty of Engineering, University of Peradeniya)

Pinterest – Latest Revolution in Social Networking Arena


Ben Silbermann, Paul Sciarra and Evan Sharp, for sure are not familiar names to most of us. But the company they started in 2008 has already revolutionized the social networking arena, although they are not as popular as Mark Zuckerberg, Sergey Brin, Larry Page, etc. Pinterest has already surpassed Twitter, as per a research result released by Pew Research Center. Release note says that more U.S. adults use LinkedIn and Pinterest than Twitter, which is a quite interesting stat.

Though it has been more than 4 years after the birth of the company most of the people around the world are not aware of Pinterest, I believe. For sure it is not popular among populations in developing nations. Pinterest is a simple and attractive photo sharing website with a colorful template. The specialty of pinterest is, it has a pin board – style photo sharing method. Pinterest gives the user the option of signing in through facebook and e – mail. The biggest advantage for the user and the specialty is, it allows users to create and manage theme-based image collections such as events, interests, and hobbies.

Pinterest has its app on Play Store. Pinterest app for iPhone was launched in March 2011, and the iPad app was launched August 2011. It means that Pinterest is accessible from almost all the smart phones. Its influence is not as big as Facebook, LinkedIn, Twitter, etc, when considering the world stage. But looking at the pattern, it has achieved an excellent growth from the day it was launched.

This seems to be a thing worth trying out. So why don’t you try it, at least once?

Smart Homes – A Concept Worth Looking At

Android, once more.

OpenHAB and HUAWEI connected home solution are two examples for smart home solutions. But both the solutions are in their initial phases of development. In my view both the solutions have its merits and de – merits. And by the look of them, they can be considered as mutually exclusive products. One of the common specialties of both the solutions is, Android devices are used in both the instances. It would be a good idea if telecommunications service providers can look in to the idea – Smart Home. I say so, because, it seems to be having the potential of becoming a breakthrough concept.

Overview of OpenHAB in comparison to Huawei connected home solutions

The Open Home Automation Bus (OpenHAB) is an open source platform with a modular architecture thus it is easier to extend or customize. The platform allows mainstream functionalities such as switching lights, sockets and roller shutters by connecting it to the KNX installation. In addition, openHAB allows monitoring states and handling events which is far more critical for smart homes than controlling.

On the other hand users of Huawei connected home solutions are provided with applications including dynamic games & controls, Internet applications (web browsing, audio visual) on TV, IPTV entertainment, SOHO Office, home security, home digital device content sharing, multi-screen switching and cloud access. It has been developed specifically for families, small to middle-sized enterprises, and end-consumers across the broadcasting and telecommunications industry.The solution can be implemented without additional network investment, which is particularly beneficial and cost-effective for commercial organizations.

In openHAB monitoring is enabled through a number of applications such as XMPP (enables chatting with the house through GTalk), Google Calendar (maintains a calendar for the automated tasks and define their state in the calendar), Dropbox (synchronizes log files of openHAB to be accessed from anywhere), iOS push notifications etc.

It is important to note that openHAB is not meant to reside on (or near) actual hardware devices and as thus to remotely communicate with many other distributed openHAB instances. Instead, openHAB rather serves as an integration hub between such devices and as a mediator between different protocols that are spoken between these devices


OpenHAB project is fundamentally split into two parts, openhab-runtime and openhab-designer.


This is the package that will actually be running on the servers. It is a set of OSGi bundles deployed on an OSGi framework. Being based on OSGi, a modular architecture is provided which enables extension of functionalties during runtime without stopping the service.


The communication of openHAB is undertaken through two communication channels: an asynchronous event bus and a stateful repository, which can be queried.

All bundles except the ones that require stateful behaviour use the event bus to inform other bundles about events and to be updated by other bundles on external events.

To cover the functionalities that cannot be covered through stateless services, openHABhas offered the item repository, which is connected to the Event Bus and keeps track of the current status of all items.


OpenHAB Designer

The openHAB Designer is an Eclipse RCP application for configuring the openHAB runtime. It comes with editors for configuration files like the sitemap.


The modular architecture of OpenHAB allows extensions to its functionality through bindings. Installation of bindings does not need a dedicated installation but they can be installed by simply copying the binding package to the respective folder and then configuring the basic settings for the binding. This is one of the major and critical differentiation factors between other vendor-supplied solutions and openHAB since the former solutions do not allow extensions to the system without additional costs.

User Interfaces

Similar to Huawei connected home solution, OpenHAB provides a touch optimized web UI interface for smartphones and tablet PCs. OpenHAB provides this feature with a native iOS client, a native Android User Interface and a SenchaTouch-based UI which can be used with smartphones and tablets.

By Darshika Fernando (Undergraduate, Faculty of Engineering, University of Peradeniya)

Professor Gehan Amaratunga’s University of Moratuwa Convocation Address


Professor Gehan Amaratunga

“A commencement speech or commencement address is a speech given to graduating students, generally at a University”. This is how Wikipedia describes a commencement speech. The commencement speech made by Steve Jobs at Stanford University Graduation Ceremony 2005 is considered as the best commencement speech done during a graduation ceremony.

University of Moratuwa, Sri Lanka had held their 2013 graduation ceremony on July 2013. The Convocation Address, as they say, had been done by one of the most sought after Professors in the world, when it comes to sustainable energy solutions – Professor Gehan Amaratunga.

I found his address as interesting and attractive as the commencement speech of Steve Jobs. It is with great pleasure I post his speech, while thanking to University of Moratuwa authorities for documenting his valuable speech and circulating it.

Speech Made by Professor Gehan Amaratunga at the General Convocation 2013 – University of Moratuwa

Salutations Vice Chancellor,


Ladies and Gentlemen,

First of all I would like to thank the University of Moratuwa for giving me the honour of addressing the graduating Class of 2013 in Engineering.

Graduation after the successful completion of your degree is indeed a watershed in your life.

In many ways it is a completion of formal education and a license to enter the world of work as a professional.

It is also a staging post in your personal adventure in the engagement with life. The twists, turns and ascents which lie ahead cannot be predicted.

But one can be prepared to take on a professional adventure. This you undoubtedly have successfully achieved by way of gradating today.

What I want you to expect is a sense of adventure and exhilaration which can lie ahead as you advance in your career.

In fact I would urge you to always seek a sense of professional adventure. This will keep you forever young in terms of intellectuality by always learning, learning not just to acquire new information, but also on how to use it wisely and in a timely manner for maximum benefit.

I can share you some of my experiences on how my career developed after I graduated in Electrical and Electronic Engineering from Cardiff University  34 years ago!

After graduation I was uncertain of what I should do professionally.

But having got a First, I was in the fortunate position being offered a studentship to read for a PhD at Cambridge University, which I took on without really having any clear idea of what research entailed, let alone how tenacious, hard working, opinionated and dedicated one had to be to complete a PhD.

I also learnt that all the subject areas I had not liked in my undergraduate course, were the very ones I had to be expert at for research. I am certain that you too will find this out when you start working.

So do not throw away your 2nd and 3rd year notes – you will have to refer to them again! On competition of my PhD I discovered that I had enjoyed and been successful at research.

I had been trained to attend a problem which I did not have any specialist knowledge on, to acquire all the require background information across disciplines and to use it to come up with new insight and solutions.

The actual content of my PhD, which was on missile electronic systems, was not that important. But what was important was the process I had gone through and the skills I had acquired to achieve it.

My success at research meant that I was inducted in to the modern monkhood. That is to say, I became a University lecturer!

While the pay one got in the UK as a lecturer in the eighties was not attractive, what was is the freedom one had to follow one’s own ideas.

To be successful at exploiting such a freedom requires discipline and also a sense of entrepreneurial adventure to look at research opportunities which others have not identified or have ignored.

Research in Engineering, as in Medicine, is only really validated when it is applied for societal benefit.

Therefore extension of my research to application was something I started to passionately believe in. This in turn led naturally to formation of my first start – up company Cambridge Semiconductors (CamSemi), an IC company specializing power management, with venture capital investment.

To date it has shipped in excess of 1 Billion ICs and the chances are that if you have a Nokia or Blackberry phone, a CamSemi chip will be controlling the AC/DC charging of the battery.

My career after graduation had in 20 years taken me from academic to entrepreneur.

Over the past 10 years I have been a founder of a further 4 start – up companies spanning solar electronics, nano materials synthesis and wind power. Two of them have products on the market at present. One of these companies, Nanoinstruments, which makes equipment for the synthesis of carbon nano tubes and grapheme, was started in 2005 with a Sri Lankan student of mine who did Bachelors in Physics at the University of Colombo, Nalin Rupasinghe. We started the company without any capital and the first workshop was a garage/barn. In just two years after starting, the company was acquired by a major German semiconductor equipment manufacturer, Aixtron. Nalin became a millionaire and continues to work for Aixtron. I site this as an example of what entrepreneurial flair a new Sri Lankan graduate, such as your selves, can display when having to succeed in another country. It is time for you to release the same entrepreneurial spirit in Sri Lanka to make it a technologically exciting place.

My research has also thrive and allowed me the freedom look at new problems. It is currently focused on nano electronics and energy storage.

I am now entering the third phase of my career, which I can best describe as sharing wisdom and nurturing a future generation of ingenious innovators, such as those who will rise out of this very graduating class.

In this context I have taken leave from Cambridge to be the Chief of Research and Innovation at the newly formed Sri Lanka Institute of Nanotechnology. What is really invigorating is that this has allowed me to be directly engaged with some of the most urgent problems for humanity to be sustained on the planet, such as green agriculture and enhancing food yields to water purification through the application of nanotechnologies.

The opportunities are immense and the problems are urgent.

You are starting your career at a time when the priorities are very different. For example, when I graduated no one could have imagined that the Soviet Union would not exist and the cold war would be consigned to history. The topic of my PhD missile electronics was influenced by the priorities which prevailed.

 Today the key priorities are sustaining the planet while we continue to enhance living standards for 4 billion people and growing in the developing world.

A key question which you will have to address and solve during your career is : ‘Can we have continued economic growth through consumption, for example such as ever more sophisticated and prevalent consumer electronics, without destroying the planet?’

The question is sobering.

But while we do not know the answer at present, I am certain that with your ingenuity and commitment we will be able to reinvent or transform engineering as we know it today to become sustainable and economically viable.

So to reiterate, what lies ahead is a career adventure.

Embark upon it with a sense of wonderment and enthusiasm.

Sustain your career by always being committed to enjoying what you are doing and having the ultimate aim of ‘making something better than what it is today’.

The most important thing is have fun in your career. Life will then automatically sort itself out!

I wish you all the very best for the future with all my heart.


  • University of Moratuwa General Convocation – Convocation Address Booklet

Telecommunication Equipment Vendors Performance – 1Q13

1.      Industry Overview

Global economic instability, intense competitive pressures, and decreased spending by communications service providers (CSPs) are all forcing networking equipment vendors to streamline and refocus their business strategies in order to maintain profits. According to recent research, eight of the top global networking equipment vendors are collectively generating an estimated $124 billion in 2012 revenue, or approximately 90% of total worldwide network infrastructure revenue. They are placing significant emphasis on professional services and software product enhancements that can enable them to access CSP opex budgets in addition to capital budgets. The major vendors considered include Alcatel-Lucent, Ciena, Cisco, Ericsson, Huawei, Juniper, NSN, and ZTE.

Market research firm Infonetics Research released excerpts from its 2013 Telecommunications Equipment Vendor Leadership Scorecard which indicated tight competition between the above mentioned vendors.

 2.      Vendor Analysis

According to Infonetics Researc